A president is elected every four years, but he or she does not run the government alone. Thousands of political appointments must be made to establish the White House's leadership of the executive branch.
Dwight Ink is president emeritus of the Institute for Public Administration.
He is a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration and
member of the American Society for Public Administration.
Anne Joseph O’Connell is a professor of law at the University of
California, Berkeley. She has a PhD in political economy and government
from Harvard University and a JD from Yale Law School. Her research
includes such topics as the qualifications and tenure of agency officials,
vacancies in agency positions, patterns of agency rulemaking, and agency
design and reorganization.
David E. Lewis is a William R. Kenan Jr. professor of political science
and co-director of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions at
Vanderbilt University. He is the author of two books, numerous articles,
and book chapters on American politics, public administration and
James P. Pfiffner is a professor and director of the doctoral program in
the School of Public Policy at George Mason University. He has written
or edited 12 books on the presidency, public administration, and national
government. He served on the staff of the National Commission on the
Public Service (Volcker Commission), and is a member of the National
Academy of Public Administration.