Understand What You’re Up Against
With any change, you will deal with four groups of people.
- Champions: these individuals are supportive of the change. They’re ready to jump in and move forward. Use them wisely.
- Antagonists: these individuals are adamantly opposed to the change. Deal with them quickly and decisively. Don’t let them linger around to stink up the place. They will rot away at those that are in the remaining two groups.
- Favorably Undecided: These individuals see positives in the change but aren’t yet committed to making the change happen. There’s some need that hasn’t yet been met. Perhaps they need more information and a deeper understanding of the change. Perhaps they need to understand how it will affect them and need assurance that they will have the necessary resources available to them to work through the change.
- Unfavorably Undecided: They’re not adamantly opposed to the change but from what they see so far; they’re also not in favor of the change. These individuals are most vulnerable to the influence of the antagonists.
In any cultural clash, whether in society or in a company, the winner will be determined based on whether the champions or the antagonists become the influencers of the large group in the middle; often titled the undecided. It’s this group that will create the tipping point by either leaning in or leaning-out.
Engage Your Champions Quickly
You need to transfer as much of the ownership of the change efforts to them as possible. You need to put these people to work building relationships with the undecided. Think grassroots efforts. These are the people that are going to help you implement those” three keys for getting the team to embrace change.”
Neutralize Your Antagonists Rapidly
I’ve already touched on this point, but it bears repeating: Do not allow antagonists gain influence. If your antagonists gain traction with the undecided, you’re in trouble. End of story. Avoidance is not an effective strategy when antagonists are involved. You must have the courageous and difficult conversations and take the difficult actions necessary to remove this source of resistance.
Make the Change Relevant
Put the change in terms that people can understand. What matters to them? Why should they care? What’s at stake? If you don’t know what matters to your people, then get out there and find out.
Make the Change Urgent
Don’t manufacture crisis but do provide a sense of immediacy to the need to change. While it may be true that the change will position your team for the future, there’s nothing motivational about that knowledge. Eating healthy today and staying fit will give us a better quality of life in our retirement years, we know but future benefits aren’t enough to create a behavior change today. What will happen today as a result of the change? What will not happen today if the change isn’t made? What will be lost today if the change isn’t made? What losses will be avoided if the change is made today?
Make the Change Visible
Apple made their headphones white for a reason. They became a very visible symbol of adoption of this new technology. As more adopted, more became intrigued by those little white buds. Another example is how millions of people promote the civic duty of voting by wearing “I Voted Today” stickers. Think about it: We’re talking about adults getting excited about receiving and displaying a sticker on their clothes. Many of these adults also tweet and post about it on Facebook.
Similarly, FitBit and MapMyWalk has changed how people think about exercise. People want to share their work-out routines. They proudly tweet about how many miles they walked or ran. It’s the cool think to do. So what can become a symbol of change adoption within your company? What stories can be shared? What milestones can be celebrated? What can begin to make the change sticky?
In the end, getting people excited about and engaged in change is really quite simple: Make them care and remove any obstacles that will keep them from moving forward. As we all know, though, getting people to change is complex, because the only way to make them care is to communicate, communicate, and communicate. And the only way to remove impediments is to deal with the difficult issues—including people. Bottom line: The messages have to be relevant, they need to create urgency, and they need to add visibility to the change. What’s more, you must remove impediments hastily.