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July 2017
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TD Magazine
Positivity Generates Better Performance

Managers who exhibit Theory Y behaviors can expect higher performance levels from their employees.

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In his influential book The Human Side of Enterprise, Douglas M. McGregor articulated two approaches to management and leadership: Theory X and Theory Y. McGregor’s Theory X/Y was judged by prominent academicians to be the second most influential theory in organizational behavior and management.

Theory X—the pessimistic view of human nature—is based on three assumptions about peo

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