The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, at a magnitude 9.0, generated tsunamis and caused one of the deadliest natural disasters in history. The earthquake was unusually large--750 miles of fault line moved 60 feet along the zone where the India and Burma Plates meet. The collision caused the Burma plate to rise several meters vertically up over the India plate, creating shock waves that traveled at up to 500 miles per hour.
The total energy released by the quake equaled 32,000 megatons of TNT. This