Barbara Carnes is a pioneer in the subject of training transfer, having written three books and a PhD dissertation on the subject. Her experience includes more than 30 years of training with Sprint North Supply and Carnes and Associates, the training company she founded in 1982. Currently Carnes teaches human resource development graduate courses at Webster University, plus doctoral courses for The University of Phoenix. She regularly conducts train-the-trainer workshops and presentations, is actively involved with both ASTD and SHRM, and writes a newsletter, Sticky Notes. Barbara Carnes resides in St. Louis, Missouri.